"...no health risks have been established from exposure to the low-level radio signals used for mobile communications."

Health and Safety

Electromagnetic fields and health

Research into the safety of radio signals, which has been conducted for more than 50 years, has led to the establishment of human exposure standards including safety factors that provide protection against all established health risks.

The World Health Organization (WHO) set up the International EMF Project in 1996 to assess the health and environmental effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). The WHO reviews on-going research and provides recommendations for research to support health risk assessments.

The strong consensus of expert groups and public health agencies, such as the WHO, is that no health risks have been established from exposure to the low-level radio signals used for mobile communications.

The WHO and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) recommend that governments adopt the radio-frequency exposure limits developed by the International Commission on Non- Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP).

WHO, ITU and ICNIRP monitor all research on the potential health effects of EMF exposure.

In the UK, the Government has adopted the exposure limits developed by ICNIRP and mobile network operators are required to operate within these guidelines.  

The limits developed by ICNIRP cover all radio signals used for mobile telecommunications in the UK, including the spectrum allocated for 5G services.

The mobile operators' global trade body, the GSM Association has produced a summary of the current level of research, including an assessment of what the new users of wireless technologies mean for radio frequency exposure?  The report can be found here:


Mobile UK Information Sheets on Radio Signals and health: 

  1. Overview
  2. 5G
  3. Small Cells